For the public

DIET SUPPLEMENTS FOR REPTILES

Nutritonal problems are the one of the most common reason pet reptiles become sick. Captive reptile diets are notorious for being imbalanced in many vitamins and minerals. This is mostly just due to the fact that it's still very hard to completely simulate their natural food sources using what is available to us in stores. Supplements give us a helpful and necessary tool to make up for these gaps. This short article will discuss our recommendations for providing supplements to pet reptiles. 

Basic Care Requirements

We love pigs!Potbellied pigs remain a popular pet, several decades after their introduction into the United States.  New breeds or types of miniature pigs now exist, with breeders aiming to create smaller pet pigs.  Breeding for micro mini or teacup sized pigs does not always result in tiny adult pigs!  Before acquiring any potbellied or miniature pig, you will need to be prepared for a pet that may weigh 60 to 120 pounds or more as an adult.  The best way to predict how big your pig will grow is to see how big both parents are at maturity.  Much of your pig's growth will occur in the first 9 to 12 months of age but it will continue to grow until it is at least two or three years old.  Do not be surprised if your 40 pound yearling pig ultimately grows up to be an 80 pound adult.

Hamster Basic Info

Hamsters are very popular pets for children.  There are five different species of hamsters available in the pet trade, the Syrian hamster and four species of dwarf hamsters. Each one has a slightly different personality and not all of them are great choices for children. 

Guinea Pigs Basic Care

Guinea pigs are wonderful companions for many people.  They have a rich range of noises they make to communicate with each other and their human family.  Since they are so social, it is important to keep them in pairs or larger groups.  However, some guinea pigs do best by themselves if they spend a lot of time out with their owners.

Virulent Newcastle’s Disease

Virulent Newcastle’s Disease, also known as exotic Newcastle’s Disease, is one of the most deadly diseases of poultry worldwide causing death in almost 100% of unvaccinated birds that become infected. However, it can also cause disease and death in vaccinated birds. In early April 2019, the first case of this disease was diagnosed in northern Arizona.

RAT BITE FEVER (Streptobacillus moniliformis)

Rat bite fever is a serious infectious disease in people caused by the bacteria Streptobacillus moniliformis. People become infected either by coming into contact with a rodent carrying the bacteria or through consumption of water or food that has been contaminated with rodent droppings or urine. While any person who comes into contact with the bacteria is at risk of developing the disease, children under 5 years of age, adults over 65 years of age, and immunocompromised people are at higher risk.

PET HEDGEHOGS AND SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM INFECTIONS IN PEOPLE

Like all pets, hedgehogs can carry bacteria and viruses that can make people sick. Recently a number of cases of Salmonella Typhimurium in people have been linked to exposure to pet hedgehogs. This is a bacteria that hedgehogs can carry in their intestines without showing any signs of illness. Symptoms in people include diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps. Severe cases require hospitalization and can be fatal. Risks of illness are higher in children under the age of 5, the elderly, and immunocompromised persons. If you feel ill, contact your physician and inform them you have a pet hedgehog.

RINGWORM IN GUINEA PIGS AND OTHER SMALL MAMMALS

Ringworm is not actually caused by a worm, it is skin infection caused by a fungus. While lesions alone can lead to high suspicion of an infection, definitive diagnosis is made by culturing the fungus. Because the culture test can take 2-3 weeks to complete, treatment is typically started immediately in suspect cases. If the test is positive, treatment should continue and cultures should be repeated every 3-4 weeks until two consecutive cultures are negative for the fungus.

Atherosclerosis

What is it and what causes it?

Atherosclerosis is the accumulation of plaques (fats, cholesterol, and inflammatory cells) within the arteries. The buildup of these plaques can limit the amount of blood flow throughout the body.  Unfortunately, the cause of atherosclerosis is still poorly understood. Suggested risk factors include fatty diet (seed based), increased cholesterol, inactivity, infectious/inflammatory conditions and stress.

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